Onondaga Lake Superfund (NPL) Sites - Site Descriptions - LCB Bridge Street Sub-Site

LCP Chemical

A sub-site of the Onondaga Lake Superfund Site  

New 2010 Fact Sheet


LCP Bridge Street Fact Sheet 

LCP Sub-Site Under Review


The LCP Bridge Street plant is located in the Town of Geddes, immediately south of the New York State Fairgrounds. Land uses to the east and west are industrial. The Village of Solvay lies to the south.
Allied Chemical (now a part of Honeywell, Inc.) began operating a “chlor-alkali” chemical plant at this location in 1953. Caustic soda (NaOH) and liquid chlorine (Cl2) were manufactured here using the “diaphragm cell” and “mercury cell” electrolytic processes. Bleach, and hydrochloric acid were also produced here. Allied sold the plant to Linden Chemicals and Plastics (LCP) in 1979. LCP continued to operate this plant until 1988, when it was it was shut down after a series of accidental chlorine releases to the air. The plant owner (Hanlin Group) was also fined by OSHA for numerous safety violations, and in 1992 filed for bankruptcy.
A small portion of the site was used by Allied Chemical from 1956 to 1969 for manufacturing hydrogen peroxide. These operations contaminated local groundwater with xylene.

Site location relative to Onondaga lake (0.80 miles)

Aerial image taken April, 2006


1966 aerial

1994 aerial

The former Allied/LCP facility prior to its demolition.
The chlor-alkali facilty is south of the RR tracks;
the hydrogen peroxide plant lies to the north.

Environmental Issues

The primary contaminant of concern at the site is mercury. Prior to remediation of the site (see below), this site was identified as the single largest source of mercury to Onondaga Lake, via a drainage ditch (the West Flume). Prior to remediation, groundwater and surface water were contaminated with mercury and other chemicals. Site soils had extremely high levels of mercury (up to 19,000 ppm). Elemental (i.e. liquid) mercury was found in the central area of the site at depths of up to 55 ft. below ground.  The mercury contamination presented a significant threat to the environment. PCBs and xylene were also found in portions of the site.

What’s been done to address the problem?

Preliminary cleanup efforts—mainly involving the removal of PCB-contaminated soils and equipment—took place in 1990 and 1995. Most structures at the site were demolished in 2000-2001. Honeywell began an accelerated cleanup of the site in October 2003, by:

  • excavating the Brine Mud Disposal Area
  • excavating and disposing of PCB-contaminated soils, and
  • removing abandoned drums

An aerial photo of the LCP site when surface soils were being processed to remove mercury. The Grandstand at the NYS Fairgrounds can be seen in the background. The turquoise line shows the approximate placement of the slurry wall which is designed to prevent contaminants from leaking off-site. The wall consists of a trench dug 30-70 ft into the earth, filled with bentonite clay.

In October 2004, a $14 million cleanup effort of the main plant site (Operable Unit-1) began, including these major components:

  • removal of contaminated sediments from the West Flume (these were moved to the LCP site)

  • treatment of mercury-contamination in the top six feet of soils excavated from certain areas of the LCP site. Over seven tons of elemental mercury was recovered using a soil-washing process. All contamination in deeper soils, including many tons of elemental mercury, was left in place.

  • installation of a slurry wall around the perimeter of the site (see Fig. 2)

  • installation of a temporary cap and a groundwater collection system.

    These activities were completed in 2008. A final cap has yet to be installed. The site is fenced and security is maintained to minimize public exposure to on-site contamination.
Future actions

A final cap over the 20-acre site has yet to be installed. Current plans call for the addition of >100,000 cu. yards of contaminated sediments from Geddes Brook and Ninemile Creek at the site. Groundwater from the site is being pumped and treated continuously. This will need to be continued into the future indefinitely.
The former hydrogen peroxide plant is being treated as a separate cleanup operation (Operable Unit 2, or OU-2). The remedial investigation (RI) for OU-2 has been completed and approved. A Feasibility Study (FS) which examines different cleanup options is currently under review.

Partial list of site Contaminants

CAS # Contaminant Name Contaminated
More Information
11097-69-1 AROCLOR-1254 Sediment  
118-74-1 HEXACHLOROBENZENE Ground Water ATSDR Profile
118-74-1 HEXACHLOROBENZENE Sediment ATSDR Profile
1336-36-3 PCBs Ground Water ATSDR Profile
1336-36-3 PCBs Soil ATSDR Profile
1336-36-3 PCBs Surface Water ATSDR Profile
56-55-3 BENZO[A]ANTHRACENE Ground Water  
67-66-3 CHLOROFORM Ground Water ATSDR Profile
71-43-2 BENZENE Ground Water ATSDR Profile
7439-92-1 LEAD Sediment ATSDR Profile
7439-92-1 LEAD Soil ATSDR Profile
7439-92-1 LEAD Surface Water ATSDR Profile
7439-97-6 MERCURY Ground Water ATSDR Profile
7439-97-6 MERCURY Other ATSDR Profile
7439-97-6 MERCURY Sediment ATSDR Profile
7439-97-6 MERCURY Soil ATSDR Profile
7439-97-6 MERCURY Surface Water ATSDR Profile
7440-36-0 ANTIMONY Ground Water ATSDR Profile
7440-47-3 CHROMIUM Surface Water ATSDR Profile
75-00-3 CHLOROETHANE Ground Water ATSDR Profile
75-01-4 VINYL CHLORIDE Ground Water ATSDR Profile
75-34-3 1,1-DCA Ground Water ATSDR Profile
75-35-4 1,1-DCE Ground Water ATSDR Profile

Summary of Project Completion Dates

Projects associated with this site are listed in the Project Completion Dates table and are grouped by Operable Unit (OU). A site can be divided into a number of operable units depending on the complexity of the site and the number of issues associated with a site. Sites are often divided into operable units based on the media to be addressed (such as groundwater or contaminated soil), geographic area, or other factors.

Contaminants of Concern (Including Materials Disposed)

Type of Waste Quantity of Waste

Concerned individuals overlook the West Flume

LCP Border with West Flume

Contacts for more information and comments
Richard Mustico, Project Manager    
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Phone: 518-402-9676
625 Broadway, 12th floor; Albany, NY 12233-7016

Documents for this site are available for public inspection at:
Atlantic States Legal Foundation Depository Library
658 West Onondaga Street, Syracuse NY 13204-3711                                              
Phone: 315-475-1170 Fax: 315-475-6719

Onondaga County Public Library
Central Branch at the Galleries
447 South Salina Street, Syracuse, NY 13202                                                                                            
Phone: (315) 435-1800
Hours: M, Th, Fri, Sat, 9:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.; Tu, W, 9:00 a.m. - 8:30 p.m.

New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
625 Broadway, Albany, NY 12233-7016                                                                                                                  
Phone: (518) 402-9676
Hours: M - Fri, 8:30 a.m. - 4:45 p.m. Please call for an appointment

New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Region 7
615 Erie Blvd. West, Syracuse, NY 13204-2400                                                                              
 Phone: (315) 426-7400
Hours: M - Fri, 8:30 a.m. - 4:45 p.m. Please call for an appointment

This Fact Sheet was funded through the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Technical Assistance Grant program.